With the heat, including the early heat, and even more so in the summer months, come the deadly mosquitoes. They can also haunt us day and night, with light and darkness, and there are few cities that regularly carry out disinfestations against these insects capable of complicating our lives. Among other things, there are many, many mosquitoes. In Italy alone, sixty different species fly, and all of them have in common the need for blood, human or animal, to make their eggs mature. can tell you, how to fight these nasty pests.

But how do you defend yourself against mosquitoes? Do we have to resign ourselves to the use, and sometimes waste, of chemicals, expensive ultraviolet lamps, traps produced by the household goods industry? Before surrendering to this type of expense, and costs, we can try some very effective natural remedies, perhaps to be combined with specific anti-mosquito products in the most difficult cases. And among the natural remedies there are first of all some things to avoid in summer and with the heat: for example creams and fruity, very sweet scents. In contact with sweat they become a source of attraction for these insects. And before examining the other natural remedies better, let’s try to study well the opponent, that is to say to understand who are the mosquitoes circulating in Italy.


In particular, there are three most common mosquitoes: the Culex pipiens that prefers city environments and night time, the Aedes caspius that prefers coastal and flat areas to the city and the Aedes albopictus better known as tiger mosquito. The latter is the most aggressive of the three and is particularly prevalent in urban areas in the Centre-North.


Some Italian municipalities, including Milan, to deal with the problem of mosquitoes in the city, in past years, have installed in parks and gardens real wooden shelters and bat boxes in which to house bats enlisted to hunt them. But there are not only bats among the mosquito eaters: lizards and geckos are also excellent natural insecticides.


In most cases we all resort immediately to insecticides and chemical repellents. Before applying these products, however, remember to read the instructions well and use them with a certain caution not only to avoid creating problems to your health but also to that of your pets: avoid using powders that then remain in the corners and can be found by dogs and cats. Without forgetting that these are highly polluting chemicals.


So use them only in case of need and if possible, before buying them, try to repel mosquito attacks in a natural and low cost way. Here are some useful tips:

First, install a mosquito net on each window.

Use the ventilator to obtain a dilution of carbon dioxide, one of the chemicals that we emit during breathing and that most attract pests. Also, the wind circulating in the environment hinders the flight of mosquitoes, preventing them from moving freely in the air.

Avoid water stagnation under the pots and, to prevent mosquitoes from nesting on your balcony, experiment with the copper coin technique: just insert one in each saucer to make the water where the eggs are usually laid inhospitable.

The geranium, first of all, but also the catambra are two plants that keep mosquitoes at a distance. The geraniums can be placed in pots along the line of the balconies: with their flowers, in addition to giving fragrance and color to the environment, they will have a barrier effect against mosquitoes.
Use everyday products that seem to be unexpectedly able to relieve redness and itching after biting. These include, for example, toothpaste, which combines the dual action of menthol which on the one hand works as a refreshing agent and on the other hand distracts the mind by relieving itching.

Onion and cloves are also able to drive away mosquitoes. Just leave a saucer with half an onion and some cloves in the house. In the same way, a bowl of vinegar with some lemon slices can also be a useful remedy.
There are also several plants that can ward off mosquitoes, especially lemongrass, citronella, cedar, geraniums, basil, lavender, mint. How about trying to grow them in the garden or on the balcony?

Not everyone knows that the aroma of coffee has extraordinary repellent properties. You can fight the invasion of these pesky insects by storing some coffee grounds in an open container for about a week and then spreading them on portions of soil or stagnant water that are presumed to be infested. The substances contained in the coffee also manage to eliminate the larvae that have not yet developed.

Finally, did you know that garlic, if grown in the garden, is not only effective against plant pests but is also an excellent mosquito repellent? Place some cloves in different corners of the house.